Family Farm Promotes Salmon Friendly Practices
Andy Wilcox and Barrie Wilcox proudly display
their family farm's
Photo credit: David Burger, Stewardship Partners.
All things are connected. It’s an age-old lesson that may take
some holiday grocery shoppers by surprise this season when they go to
purchase an essential ingredient in their eggnog—eggs—and
see a “Salmon-Safe” logo.
What do chicken eggs and salmon have in common? A lot, according to
Wilcox farms, one of the largest producers of fresh milk and eggs in the
Pacific Northwest and the first farmer in the Nisqually watershed to receive “Salmon-Safe” certification
for their eco-conscious farming practices.
The 1,800-acre farm situated on the Nisqually River, received the Salmon-Safe
certification earlier this year from the Stewardship Partners, a non-profit
group that helps private landowners to restore and preserve natural resources.
Qualification for the eco-label required the family-owned farm to meet
several environmental standards that seek to provide better water quality
and habitat protection for salmon and other wildlife.
Wilcox earned its certification by voluntarily putting several sustainable
practices to use on their farm. Working with the Nisqually Tribe,
they restored native trees and vegetation along portions of Horn
Creek and the Nisqually River to shade water and improve habitat for the
Chinook, coho, chum, pink and steelhead that spawn or over-winter in the
steams that are on or near their property.
Wilcox also significantly reduced their use of commercial fertilizers
and pesticides on the land; fenced off livestock from the rivers and streams
to create large buffer zones; and perhaps the most monumental task of
all, established a system to remove from the farm, most of the animal
waste produced by over 1 million laying hens and baby chicks. The accomplishment
is an important step in helping to maintain water quality.
To keep up with the task, the recently renovated chicken houses are
equipped with a conveyer-belt system to remove the manure that would otherwise
pile up. Several truck loads each day haul away tons of manure to the
largest organic farmer in the state. According to Barrie Wilcox, The farm
also composts some of the animal waste on site.
“That way, the manure becomes part of a bigger cycle of restoring the
soil and helping to grow food for the organic farmer,” says Wilcox.
Keeping the farm and the chickens healthy also means healthy eggs, says
Wilcox. The family adds flax seed to the birds’ feed, making the
eggs rich in omega-3 fatty acids. “It’s far better tasting
than a spoon full of cod liver oil, and we’re able to provide the
benefits of fish oil to our customers by doing this.”
Wilcox intends to label its other products, including dairy, as more
of the Farms’ land-base is evaluated and certified by the program,
but for now their organic and omega-3 eggs are enjoying the limelight
of a growing market that caters to consumer demand for food products produced
with environmentally sensitive methods.
“Our customers are telling us that this is what they want,” says
Wilcox. “We’re listening to them, and we’re adapting
to make good things happen for them and for the environment.”
Making the Connection: Agriculture & Salmon
Many of the major salmon-bearing streams in the Puget Sound flow through
productive agricultural valleys. Because of this, farmers in the region
play a critical role in salmon recovery.
Wilcox farm is a leader in recognizing this, says David Burger, executive
director of Stewardship Partners.
According to Burger, their success in combining environmentally friendly
practices with farming serves as a model for other farmers. “As
one of the largest family-owned dairy operations in Washington, Wilcox
Farm is a leading example of how agriculture and salmon conservation go
hand in hand,” says Burger.
Enthusiastic about the success of the Salmon-Safe program, Burger says
that the eco-label certification is catching on. Stewardship Partners
is currently promoting the program throughout the Puget Sound as a means
to engage farmers in regional salmon recovery and so far 25 farms throughout
the area have been awarded the Salmon-Safe label.
Opening up the Farm
The Wilcox family wasn’t always as environmentally conscientious
as they are now. Since the early 1900s they farmed the land, like many
other dairy farmers in the area, without taking proactive steps to ensure
healthy water quality and habitat for salmon and other animals living
near the streams.
In the mid 1980s things began to change on the farm. A group of government
and fisheries representatives, called the Nisqually River Council, came
together to manage and develop a plan for the Nisqually River basin.
Initially skeptical, the Wilcox family joined the group intending to
protect their property rights. What happened was the beginning of a long-time
friendship between the Wilcox family and Nisqually Tribal elder and noted
salmon conservationist Billy Frank, Jr.
Gradually, the Wilcox family became one of the proponents of the plan
helping to shape actions that affect not only their farm but the entire
Today, fourth generation family member Andy Wilcox, who runs the egg
operations, says the farm intends to continue to expand its environmental
awareness and education efforts both internally and externally.
“We’d like to open up the farm and let visitors see how
it runs, and encourage our employees to get involved,” says Andy.
To involve the public, the family aims to build a 2-1/2 mile interpretive
trail starting from the chicken houses, where the organically raised laying
hens and chicks live, to Horn Creek, which runs into the Nisqually River.
To complete the work, Wilcox will continue to build on collaborations
with the Nisqually Tribe, the Nisqually River Council, and the Nisqually
Andy hopes the project sparks interest with some of the Wilcox employees,
who he imagines could lend a helping hand by collecting data as part of
the Nisqually Tribe’s Salmon Watchers Program.
For visitors to the farm the interpretive trial would serve the mutual
benefit of providing an opportunity to learn about salmon habitat and
salmon life cycles while seeing a working farm in action.
According to Andy, it’s about providing an experience, “People
really want to know that the things that they are buying are authentic.
If we open up the farm here and let them see how things are being raised
and let them see the connection to sustainable practices, we’ll
be accomplishing a lot.”
In addition to the Wilcox Farm’s eggs, Stewardship Partners has
certified dozens of other Salmon-Safe products throughout Puget Sound
including vegetables, apples, berries, and even wine.
During the holiday season, you can see the Salmon-Safe label on Wilcox
Farm’s eggs and other agricultural products in PCC Natural Markets,
at other local retailers, and at Seattle area farmer's markets.
— P. Chambers, Shared Strategy
For more information contact:
Stewardship Partners: Larry Nussbaum, 206.292.9875
Wilcox Farms: Heidi Horn, 253.572.3800 x103